Decentralisation has become an important strategy for delivering pro-poor development and socio-economic transformation to human societies. Globally, decentralisation has gained traction by placing Local Governments in the driving seat for improved local public services.

The IMCC and its allied agencies provide technical assistance to the Government on decentralization reform and seek to increase accountability of rural and urban municipalities towards their citizens including people in disadvantaged groups. Ultimately, citizens in municipalities will benefit from public services that is responsive to their needs. 


Decentralisation in Ghana took off in the late 1980s and has progressively gained recognition as a pervasive tool to ensure development in local areas. Decentralisation has contributed immensely to deepen democracy in Ghana through practical and meaningful political and administrative reforms at the local levels since its inception.

The 1992 Constitution states the objectives of the decentralisation policy which includes responsiveness to community needs. Many developing countries have lauded the rationale behind Ghana’s decentralisation programme and the functions of Metropolitan, Municipal, and the District Assemblies (MMDAs).

In November 2010, the Government of Ghana adopted a new “Decentralization Policy Framework” and a new “National Decentralization Action Plan” (NDAP). The Policy draws its principles from Article 240(2) of the Constitution.

After four years of implementing the first NDPF & NDAP (2010-2014) important lessons were learned and subsequently integrated into the second National Decentralisation Policy Framework and Action plan II (2015-2019).


  • • Present relevant local government and decentralization reform proposals for consideration by the IMCC.
  • • Assist stakeholders with monitoring and coordination.
  • • Advice on the formation of task force(s) to execute specific decentralization reforms.
  • • Provide technical support to the task force(s)
  • • Research validation on decentralization reforms initiatives.
  • • Conduct technical monitoring and evaluation on decentralization reforms.
  • • To educate the public on decentralization and relevant reforms, using print and electronic and digital media platforms
  • • Organize annual workshops on decentralization and local governance reforms
  • • Develop and publicize annual “state of decentralization” report
  • • Perform other related functions assigned by the IMCC.
  • • Facilitate inter-ministerial and cross sector implementation of decentralisation reform.
  • • Identify and develop key issues of the decentralisation policy